Job was not a sinless man.
Job was not privy to the conversation between God and Satan.
There was no rule of law that was established since God’s Law was provided centuries after Job lived. Because there was no law that Job disobeyed and his attribution of the destruction to God was only based on his perspective and limited understanding, Job did not sin. However, there were still consequences as a result of his misalignment with spiritual principles. This misalignment was what gave Satan the authority to act on Job’s possessions, servants, and family. Job was actually operating in fear and doubt.
Fear and doubt are the spiritual forces that allow Satan to operate in our lives because doubt is the complete opposite or a counterfeit of God’s spiritual force, the force of faith.
While humble and worshipful toward God, Job was actually acting in fear and doubt. He “rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually” (Job 1:5).
Job’s actions were noble as he interceded for his children, but it would seem reasonable to assume that his children gave him some cause to think that they were in need of such intercession. However, even though there is no description of such actions, his activities were still motivated by the fear that his children may have cursed God. Let’s continue with the narrative and see what occurs as Satan “turns up the fire,” so to speak in Job 2:1-3.
1 Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD. 2 And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it. 3 And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause.
One can only imagine the tension that must have been present at this interchange. Satan had just been before God, challenging Him, making accusations against Job, even though Job’s character and integrity are described here as “perfect and upright” in the King James Version. The words good and faithful in Job 1:8 (ERV) and perfect and upright in Job 2:3 (KJV) come from the Hebrew word, OT:8535.
“perfect” - Strong’s OT:8535 <T*, tam (tawm);
complete; usually (morally) pious; specifically, gentle, dear:
This word does not mean sinless or without error as might be understood from the King James Version. If Job was perfect, as we might understand the word, he would also have been without any error, making no mistakes. This was not the case, because Job operated in some level of fear and doubt, just as we do.
The account of Job never claims him to be a totally sinless man, only that he did not sin by accusing God of wrongdoing (Job 1:22). Jesus was the only sinless man to walk this earth. Misunderstanding seemingly minor details can lead to errant doctrines and beliefs.
It would appear that Satan was still looking for mischief as he wandered “to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it” (Job 2:2). Clearly, Satan had unlimited access to the earth realm and its inhabitants. As he observed the results of his handiwork in Job’s life, Satan had the full expectation of seeing Job fall into a state of rejection of God, just as he had done himself with no provocation. Satan did not expect to see Job reacting to this devastation with humility and worship, a clear indication of the quality of Job’s character.
God once again pointed to the character and integrity of Job, reminding Satan of his unfair accusations and attempts to get Him to destroy Job without cause. The word translated, “although thou movedst me,” at the end of Job 2:3 is the Hebrew word tWs, (cuwth) (sooth), Strong’s OT:5496.
“movedst” - Strong’s OT:5496 tWs, cuwth (sooth)
perhaps denominative from OT:7898; properly, to prick, i.e. (guratively) stimulate; by implication, to seduce: (Translated in the KJV as - entice, move, persuade, provoke, remove, set on, stir up, take away).
None of these instances of the word imply that God actually “did” the action. Satan was trying to get God to do it. He was trying to invoke some legal argument that would force God into taking action against Job.
God pointed out that Satan was accusing Job and trying to get God to act without cause. Do you remember the verse in Proverbs 26 that told us that a curse does not come without cause? God prevented Satan from acting in any way toward Job where there was no cause. It was a legal decree, based upon God’s own words.
To learn more about this subject, read Chapter 11,
Trials and Testing - What’s Up With Job?
Ideolatry - God Is Not Your Problem